Animals eat fermented fruit to catch a buzz. This is evident in birds, monkeys, and elephants. It was used instead of water (cool!) because the small amount of alcohol killed bacteria found in the water.
Discovery of late Stone Age jugs suggests that intentionally fermented beverages existed at least as early as the Neolithic period (c. 10000 BC).
The medicinal use of alcohol was mentioned in Sumerian and Egyptian texts dating from about 2100 BC. The Hebrew Bible recommends giving alcoholic drinks to those who are dying or depressed so that they can forget their misery.
The wine was consumed in Classical Greece at breakfast or at symposia, and in the 1st century BC, it was part of the diet of most Roman citizens. Both the Greeks and the Romans generally drank diluted wine.
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