Some very famous person, politicians write autobiographies or get help from some one to write it. I was reading APJ abdul kalam’s autobiography when this question came in that who was the person who wrote about his own life for the first time?
In the 15th century, Leonor López de Córdoba, a Spanish noblewoman, wrote her Memorias, which may be the first autobiography in Castillian.
Zāhir ud-Dīn Mohammad Bābur, who founded the Mughal dynasty of South Asia kept a journal Bāburnāma which was written between 1493 and 1529.
One of the first great autobiographies of the Renaissance is that of the sculptor and goldsmith Benvenuto Cellini (1500–1571), written between 1556 and 1558, and entitled by him simply Vita (Italian: Life). He declares at the start: “No matter what sort he is, everyone who has to his credit what are or really seem great achievements, if he cares for truth and goodness, ought to write the story of his own life in his own hand; but no one should venture on such a splendid undertaking before he is over forty.” These criteria for autobiography generally persisted until recent times, and most serious autobiographies of the next three hundred years conformed to them.
Another autobiography of the period is De vita propria, by the Italian mathematician, physician and astrologer Gerolamo Cardano (1574).
It is often claimed that the earliest known autobiography in English is the early 15th-century Book of Margery Kempe, describing among other things Kempe’s pilgrimage to the Holy Land and visit Rome.
Possibly the first publicly available autobiography written in English was Captan John Smith’s autobiography published in 1630, which was regarded by many as not much more than a collection of tall tales told by someone of doubtful veracity.
Jarena Lee (1783 – 1864), was the first African American woman to have a published biography in the United States.
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